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Singapore Company for Foreign Entrepreneurs and Business Entities

There are three business arrangements in Singapore that have been specifically created for foreign entrepreneurs and business entities planning to have a presence in the country: a subsidiary company, branch office, and representative office.

These are the basic differences between these business entities for foreign entrepreneurs and investors:

1. Subsidiary company

This is probably the most ideal business entity for foreign companies planning to form a Singapore company or expand their presence in the country. This is because this formation provides countless of benefits especially when it comes to tax incentives and limited liability.

As a separate legal entity from its parent company, a subsidiary company may have a different name and is allowed to conduct any business activities in the country as long as these are legal.

A foreign company with a subsidiary company enjoys a limited liability, an arrangement in which it is not liable for any losses, liabilities, and debts of its Singapore auxiliary business.

And because a subsidiary company is incorporated in Singapore, it also enjoys local tax benefits even if it is 100 percent owned by foreign businessmen and entities.

However, this business setup is required to appoint at least one resident director who may be a Singaporean citizen or holder of EntrePass, Employment Pass, or Permanent Residence Status.
Meawhile, a subsidiary company may have one to 50 shareholders who may be a foreign or local individual or another business entity. To know more abour subsiday company follow this link:

2. Branch office

A branch office, being an extension of its business headquarter, is only allowed to conduct activities performed by its parent company.

Unlike a subsidiary company, a branch office is not provided with local tax benefits since it is treated as a legal extension of its parent company. And with this arrangement, the headquarter is directly liable for all the losses, debts, and liabilities of its Singapore branch office.

Meanwhile, it is a legal requirement for a branch office to hire two Singaporean resident agents who will oversee its business operation.

When it comes to government-imposed disclosure requirements, this business entity may not be appealing for some shareholders since they are also required to submit the audited accounts of their parent company. To know more about branch office, follow this link:

3. Representative office

Legally speaking, a representative office is not really a business entity as it is not allowed to engage in any revenue-generating activities.

A representative office is generally ideal for foreign companies who are not yet sure of the business viability of their services or goods in Singapore and want to conduct an extensive market research before engaging in a full-blown operation. To know more about representative office, follow this link:

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Day Trading – Is Forex Easier To Trade Than Stock Market Indices

There are many professional day traders out there who focus all their efforts on trading a particular instrument, whether it’s a currency pair or a stock market index. I personally have attempted to trade both in the past so I can speak from experience when I say that in general it is much easier to trade forex.

The main reason why is because when you trade one of the major currency pairs you can usually concentrate purely on technical analysis. In other words when you trade the intraday charts you can trade the forex pairs around pivot points and areas of support and resistance because the price movements can be quite predictable. However when you trade stock indices such as the FTSE 100 or the Dow Jones, for instance, the price movements are not always so predictable.

That’s obviously because these indices are made up of various different stocks and they don’t always rise and fall in tandem with each other. Yes you may get some days when all the constituents trade higher or lower, but most of the time certain sectors will be strong, whilst others may be flat or trading lower. Plus there are often occasions when individual stocks release some news concerning their company and as a result the share price moves independently of the wider market.

As a result of all this, you don’t always get as many predictable bounces off key support and resistance levels, for example, as you do when you trade the major forex pairs. Therefore they are much harder to trade with any confidence because you can never be sure of how the price will react around these key levels.

Another point worth making is that when you trade forex you can pretty much guarantee that you will have a large trading range for many of the most popular currency pairs, such as the GBP/USD, EUR/USD and GBP/JPY pairs, for any given trading day. The same cannot be said for the various stock market indices, however, because there are some days when the FTSE 100, and even the Dow Jones, will trade within a very narrow trading range.

So the point I want to get across is that on the whole it’s a lot easier to day trade the forex markets than the stock market indices. They respond very well to technical analysis, whether it’s fibonacci levels, pivot points, or simply trend lines and basic levels of support and resistance, whereas the same cannot always be said about the indices because of how they are derived.

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How To Build A Career In Banking Through Sbi, Rbi And Bank Of India Recruitment 2013

For people who are willing to work hard and build a career based upon inter personal interests can feel elated with a better working environment that is being offered by the banking sector.

Through SBI Recruitment 2013, State Bank of India is searching for young and dynamic personalities for their clerical and officer as well as manager level operation. The bank today is more emphasizing on the individuals, who are willing to go that extra mile to achieve the desired goals of the bank. The bank is equally compensating and benefiting the professionals with incentives, rewards and remunerations. As per a recent study, there will be around two lakh job vacancies in banking sector, a major share of which may be attributed to SBI Recruitment options. There is a very high propensity of people opting for bank jobs and this trend has been positive owing to the sense of job security and benefits that a government job comes along.

A career with the RBI is more than just a job. RBI being the controller of financial and economic activities in India, a job with RBI comes with such responsibilities and repute, as well. RBI Recruitment 2013 clearly targeted towards selecting the best from the competent aspirants to work in a better profile of financial sector. It not only helps in fulfilling your satisfaction index for job, but also targets for a comprehensive development of social stature. It also helps in building your skill sets by dealing in departments of forex, government bonds, debt management, spearheading R&D for development within RBI, etc. Other rewards include establishing your self-esteem and enhancing the confidence level.

Careers in the banking sector have boomed, especially in the post liberalisation era. With the advent of commercial private sector banks, the banking system in India has witnessed a sea change in operation and market capitalization. Previously, bank recruitment saw people entering banks only at two levels, clerks or as the PO officers. However, in the new age of expanding economies revolving around the financial fulcrum of the banking sector, both public and private banking institutions offer versatile facilities for young professionals. Bank of India Recruitment 2013 have witnessed versatile change in its recruitment pattern. Now many positions for Agricultural officers, Rastrabhasa Adhikari, IT officers and Specialist Law officers are being notified by the bank for adequately qualified professionals. IBPS playing a major role in recruitment and selection of professionals in the respective disciplines of clerical jobs, officers positions as well as specialist officer posts at various levels of operation.

The opportunities of making a steady career out of bank jobs are numerous, provided you have the inclination and ability. All you need is a dedicated preparation and consistent endeavour to clarify the stringent selection measures and grab a prospective position for your own.

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How To Track Bank Account Transactions Manually

When a customer at the bank gets a hold of a statement in through the mail, the statement lists out all the transactions happened during previous month. The transactions include both incoming and outgoing, tallying up to a final sum which is indicated as the up-to-date account balance for the benefit of the customer. Without the benefit of the statement, the customer would be much more in the dark more with respect to the contents of the account. With the statement in hand the customer knows details such as the dollar value spent, the size of the income, and the present state of the account.

The fact of the matter is that this information becomes outdated almost immediately as the customer starts to use money. A simple ATM withdrawal means the account balance is not reflected in the monthly statement. The way to make sure one knows the state of finances even between statements is known as “bank reconciliation”. The device to help one do so is the checkbook register – which is simply a little sheet of paper that is used for recording transactions.

What is the importance keeping track of this money? The larger fraction of bank customers have come up against deep reasons to do so. Indeed, whenever a check is issued with a value higher than the level of money in the account, two things happen. The check may not go through incurring a bounced check fee, or the check goes through because the bank covers it temporarily triggering an overdraft fee. In both cases there is a serious negative consequence.

The types of transactions are many. Monthly car payments by way of check can result in a penalty if there are not enough funds on the day the payment is being cashed.

Personal checkbook registers impedes the rotten luck of such errors occuring. For people who have trouble managing their finances but also find maintaining a checkbook register too burdensome, there are electronic alternatives which are faster and easier to use. These are merely calculator-like devices that can easily be carried around. They have special entry keys for the different kinds of transactions one might encounter related to the checking account.

Very recently the U.S. Senate implemented a series of consumer-friendly finance rules relating to how banks charge overdraft fees (this fee is incurred whenever a bank steps in and pads a customer’s account whether or not the customer wants it). Basically a bank must ask a customer to opt-in to their overdraft fee program. However, the flip side is that without the overdraft fee, checks will bounce and cause other kinds of trouble. Therefore, it is still best to keep finances in check with devices like the checkbook register.

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Owner Of An Established Brand With Restaurant Franchise

Business opportunities in the food sector are unlimited. If you know the tricks and are well informed, you can no doubt give shape to your business dreams in no time. Restaurants today run well depending on a number of factors; these are brand identity, quality of food items served, menu, variety, courteousness in handling customers, locality, to name a few. When you can be an owner of a reputed brand in your area by buying a restaurant franchise, why not grab the opportunity. And if the menu well suits the Indian taste such as snacks food, namkeens, traditional sweets, Bengali sweets, chaat like pani puri, South Indian food, the effort of buying the restaurant franchise is well rewarded.

When you buy a restaurant franchise, you will have to pay some royalty money as well as percentage of the profits every month or annually or as decided. You no doubt become the owner of the restaurant, but you will have to follow the same method of food preparation, besides having the same menu. You will notice an increasing crowd right from day one. A little advertisement will further add to the crowd pulling factor.

You will always find sweets in the menu in every festive occasion. It is also in marriage, birthday, anniversary, and other functions. where all traditional sweets including Bengali sweets rule the roost; this is because having as well as distributing sweets is considered as good omen. Pani puri and chaat items are also served in most occasions. Another item that is served with tea or coffee is variety of namkeens. The most savored namkeens include bhujia, chana masala, mini samosas, dalmoth, and more.

The rasgulla and the rasmalai are two of the most popular Bengali sweets. Both the Bengali sweets items are found in sweets shops in every corner of the country. Preparation of rasmalai involves cooking of rounded pies of fine milk curd in syrup such that a unique texture is created. The pies are then soaked in full cream milk and then served with a shower of chopped pistachio nuts.

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Why Take a Job in Banking

Conspiracy theorists say that the world is ruled by a single shadowy organization. They say that the banks are owned by this group, and they can manipulate the global economy to further their own selfish goals or to control rival groups that can threaten them should they ever get too big. Regardless of whether you want to be a part of some group’s world-domination plot or are just someone who wants to work in the finance industry, there are a lot of reasons to take up a job in banking.

The first is that it is one of the simplest jobs in finance. Financial advisors, consultants, and the like are known to make really big bucks but they often also struggle dealing with a lot of stress. Imagine having to look at sheets upon sheets of paper filled with numbers and trying to figure out why the business is plummeting, and fix it. Some who have a knack for it consider it a challenge but if you want to fulfill your ambitions at a later time, then banking is the perfect place to start.

The second reason to take up a job in banking is the good working environment. Bank employees have relatively lower stress levels compared to others in the finance sector. Happy workers equals happy working environment.

Another good reason to work in a bank is the job security. Banks withstand financial crises, and employees seldom get laid off unless they did something they weren’t supposed to do. Should there be another economic depression, god forbid, working at a bank won’t affect you that much.

Banks also have fixed schedules. Some banks only open on weekdays. Others open on Saturdays. No banks open on Sundays. This at least guarantees you a day off. At any rate, most bank schedules are only 8-5 and you are rarely kept in the office after-hours. This is also another reason why the working environment in banks is really pleasant.

The final reason you’ll want to work at a bank is you’ll want to be associated with a big name. You seldom hear a “lowly” bank teller calling himself such, as even a teller is proud to be working in the bank. A bank’s name is a trusted one. If you state that you’ve worked for a particular bank, then that trust is reflected on you as well. This isn’t to say you should go work for a bank so you can put something on your resume. When you get a banking job, stay there as for as long as you can as the rewards you reap will be based off of it.

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The Banking Sector in the UAE

The global economic crisis in 2008 had a great impact on the U.A.E. Several banks reported that there were high non-performing loans from 2009 to 2011. Thankfully, the economy recovered well and quickly after the financial meltdown. The reason that the U.A.E. could recover so quickly, was because they immediately set up an additional liquidity facility of around 14 billion dollars, which was available to the banks should they need it, but was luckily not really used. This crucial move stabilized the banks, and prevented further repercussions from the financial crisis. With the proactive steps taken by the government, as well as the blessing of natural crude oil, the economy of the U.A.E was able to bounce back quite effortlessly from what seemed like complete bankruptcy to most people.

There are around 23 local banks in the U.A.E., as well as 28 foreign banks operating there. These banks also have special Islamic banking, which has become increasingly famous in recent years. There are different kinds of accounts available, and foreigners have the option of opening their bank accounts either in the local currency, or in a foreign currency. Almost all the banks in the U.A.E. allow their customers to avail of personal Internet banking. The country in general is technologically savvy, and almost everything can be done over the web. Apart form this, all banks have ATM facilities, and customers of one bank can use the ATM of another bank. There is also a number of business banking facilities available to the large number of businessmen in the country. Current account holders can make cheque payments for all of their day-to-day expenses. Based on the credit of the account holder, overdraft facilities are also available to current account holders.

Whether you having personal or corporate banking needs, the banks in the U.A.E. are more than capable of helping you reach your goals. Even though they did meet with a slight set back due to the financial crisis, they have showed great power in being able to recover so fast, when most of the world is still reeling from the aftermath of the economic meltdown. The Central Bank of the U.A.E. has laid down several guidelines in 2011 to regulate loans and other banking services offered to individuals in an attempt to control all the banking to ensure stability. The export of oil from the entire gulf region has doubled since the year 2009. They exports have now reached 1 trillion Dollars. It is expected that by 2020, the figure will reach 2 trillion Dollars. With such promising figures, it is evident that the banking sector in the U.A.E. is really very strong.

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Make Money Posting Links From Home

Here is a simple technique you can use to make money posting links from home. There are tons of places that I use to place links. The more places you promote your links the more income potential you have. I like to look at it as passive income.

Place your links all over the web through the avenues I mention below to start making money posting your links. To get started I recommend you set up a free account at Linkbucks or any link paying company. Go here to get more info on how to do this.

So once you have your links set and ready where can you place them to start getting clicks?

Forums & Message boards “” Placing your links in forums and message boards are great places for your link promotion. There are tons of forums online where you can get exposure for your links. The clicks you can receive are amazing, You just have to place your links in the right place.

Social Networks “” Social Networks are great places for link promotion. Places like Myspace, Facebook, Twitter and Linkedin are all good avenues to receive clicks. You can achieve a good amount of clicks just by posting on your status or in groups.

Article Marketing – If you write a lot of articles you can post your links into articles and submit them to article directories. The trick is to submit them to high page rank engines, thus bringing you more clicks.

Email Marketing “” The quickest way to start getting clicks is to send everyone on your list a email message with one of your links. You can also place links in your signature in emails and forums to get even more potential clicks.

Be creative when on your link promotion campaign and watch the sales roll in. Try these avenues and see how they work out for you. The good thing about it you will be getting clicks for years to come. That”s awesome income potential.

For more info on making money posting links check out:
Simple Money Making Method Posting Links To Your Music
How To Make Money Posting Links To Your Music

Best of luck

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Transition from Military Life to Small Business Careers

Perhaps one of the most challenging career and employment situations imaginable takes place every single day when individuals serving in the military prepare to move from military service to a new career. This involves thousands of motivated government employees who at first glance should have absolutely no trouble in obtaining an appropriate job. It is hard to imagine any prospective employees who would have more motivation to work hard and succeed in whatever they do.

Despite initial appearances, military personnel are currently experiencing a high unemployment and underemployment rate. Perhaps because of this or outdated assumptions about the value of all forms of college education, the first step in military transition to business careers is often a decision to obtain a college degree. This can prove to be the right move in some cases, but it can also become an expensive mistake.

The difference between education and training is frequently misunderstood by many people, and such misunderstandings probably contribute to a disproportionate percentage of career choices focusing on educational institutions instead of more specialized (and much cheaper) career training programs. While advanced education has a special place for specific purposes and goals, it is simply not the best career choice in a surprising number of cases. One of the best possible illustrations of this dilemma occurs when someone is departing from the military. In this situation, education can appear to be the “easy” decision. But with more scrutiny, training frequently emerges as the “smart” decision.

Just as specialized business training is usually one of the most cost-effective strategies available to small businesses, the selection of a practical career training program will often prove to be a more cost-effective military transition alternative in comparison to other options that include lengthy and expensive university studies. It is true that the most viable and appropriate training choices will require some investigative time and effort to evaluate thoroughly. In large part this is due to the fact that colleges and universities have extensive marketing resources to advertise and persuade while the less well-known training opportunities are more of a “word of mouth” situation.

For example, one of the most effective career training situations devotes no resources whatsoever to advertising and lobbying. In this case the program leads to a small business finance consulting career. Because overhead is much less than the highly-capitalized universities, the cost of such services are understandably much less. Unfortunately it is not always true that you get what you pay for, so a prudent military transition will require due diligence from start to finish.

Stephen Bush has provided candid business advice to small business owners for over 30 years. He specializes in business negotiating and business proposal writing. Steve offers career training programs for small business finance consulting throughout the United States and Canada. He is a U.S. Navy veteran who works directly with individuals leaving military service and helps with the transition to a small business career.

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The Revolutionary Concept of Cord blood banking is making life better

The concept of cord blood banking can be considered a boon to mankind. Placenta and umbilical cord that used to be discarded by doctors after delivery has now become a lifesaver. These organs are said to have a lot of potential and the cord blood stem cells collected from them can treat several pediatric disorders.

Disorders that can be cured with cord blood:

There are several disorders that can be cured if you decide to get your baby’s cord blood stem cells stored after delivery. Some of them include: Multiple Sclerosis Stroke Cerebral Palsy Spinal Cord Injury Beta – Thalassemia Cardiac Diseases Diabetes Parkinson’s Disease Renal Cell Carcinoma Acute/ Chronic Leukemia Plasma Cell disorders Alzheimer’s disease Renal Cell Carcinoma

Procedure of cord blood banking:

Baby or the mother will not experience any pain during the collection of cord blood. The procedure is safe and it just requires few minutes. Once the baby is born and the umbilical cord is clamped and cut, cord blood is collected immediately. A special bag is used for storage.

What are the benefits of cord blood banking?

There is no doubt that the process of banking the cord blood is expensive but if you look at it as an insurance of investment for your child’s future, the cost won’t matter. There are many children all over the world who suffer from lymphoma, leukemia, thalassemia, sickle cell diseases and other disorders that can be treated with cord blood transplant. All these kids can be cured if cord blood stem cells were stored during their birth.

How expensive is cord blood banking:

There are many families that cannot afford to pay for banking cord blood stem cells. Private banking is high in rates since the storage procedure is complex. Cost is one of the main concerns that stops many families from benefiting from cord blood banking. A lot depends on the type of cord blood bank you have chosen. For instance, StemOne is one of the leading cord blood banks in India that has been successful in offering this service to many families since 2005. You can contact the bank for their rates and more information about their services.

So, if you really want to make sure that your child’s health is secure after his birth, take the pain of finding more information on cord blood banking.

Author Bio: Indrajit Roy is the business development head of StemOne, India. He has a bachelors degree in molecular biology and been actively involved in this field for several years. He likes to share ideas and recent developments in the field of stem cell treatment and cord blood banking through writing.

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Personal Financial Check-up

Like our own body, our own financial also need to do a check-up regularly so that our financial will be in nice and safe situation. For the company, they must do the audit in every year but very less individual make their own financial audit. Why? because we are not aware about it. Most of us just running our life day by day, month by month, year by year just it is without asking or try to explore whether their financial status is in a safe situation or not.

Personal Financial Check-up is a simple method of analysis to study and explore our own financial situation so that it will be in the safe situation and secure. To make an analysis, we need to write down all of our assets and liabilities in a spreadsheet, then the data will analyzed to produce the result. By the result, then we can see whether our current own financial is in a good situation or not.

After that, we can work accordingly. We may have to do some adjustment somewhere to make sure that we can achieve whatever target we plan to achieve. Without a nice planning, it is almost impossible to get what we a planed or you may get what you plan but it will take too long to get it.

What is the benefit of Personal Financial Check-up?

For sure I will guarantee you that you will get a lot of benefit when you do that check-up. You no need to hired a professional financial consultant to check your financial. Actually, you can do by yourself. What you have to do is only just to get the your own financial information and put it down in the spreadsheet and try to explore it. In specific, by using this method you can get all these benefits: –

* You will know where your financial situation now
* When you know your financial situation, you can make an action accordingly
* When you do the right action, your financial will be safe and secure
* Your short and long term financial will be in a healthy place
* You will be free from debt or at least reduce it
* You will optimizing your assets or your money
* You can cut any consumption that it is maybe not necessary or just wasted your money
* You can multiply your money
* Lastly…you can retired with a stress free…enjoy the life along the way

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Make academic portfolio more valuable with finance degree online

Have you ever dreamt to work in a top-notch financial firm and earn high salary job? If yes, then don’t waste your time and enroll your name in an online university to earn finance degree. As the businesses are expanding nowadays with fast rate, so finance degree holders are also in demand to handle the finance operation in a prominent way. Finance is the backbone of an origination which helps to make an accurate strategy for an organization and helps to grow it in a right direction.

Academic profile The academic structure of finance degree includes various streams like International Securities, Investment, Capital Markets and Banking, Regulation and Compliance, Corporate Finance, Financial Engineering and others. Finance Degree from online mode is offered by almost all universities at Associate, Bachelor’s, Master’s and doctorate level. Online mode is the best way for the students who don’t get time for the traditional classes. The degree at bachelor’s level will give you opportunity to start your job as a fresher whereas if you have acquired master’s degree in finance degree, then you will get many prestigious positions at higher levels. If you opt for finance specialization at Master’s degree in Business Administration then it would be wise investment for your career, as this professional degree would give you a plenty of job prospects at managerial level.

Some of the popular university which offer finance degree online are listed as below: Walden University University of Phoenix Capella University Kaplan University Florida tech university online Upper Iowa university

Employment opportunities Finance degree from online mode assures reputed job in top-notch financial firms with high paying job. It opens lots of employment opportunities in several sectors like commercial, education, non-commercial, IT, media, public and non-profit organizations. Moreover, aspirants get esteemed positions in different companies as a finance manager, Accountant, financial planner, Auditor, financial analyst, financial advisor, Credit analyst, Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Certified Public Accountant (CPA,) investment banker and others.

Start your business After holding finance degree, you can even start your business and give financial advice to other companies. With your own skill and knowledge of finance operation, you can find out the excellent path and develop your business accordingly. Aspirants can work outstandingly with their dynamic approach and plans to get high Return On investment (ROI) in each financial year.

Conclusion If you are a working professional and want to update your resume, then Finance Degree from online mode is the best way to make your academic profile worth a look. The degree provides you required skills, tools and techniques of financial operation which are essential to make finance strategies for a company.

Pradeep is a educational consultant who provides the information for students and proffessionals . He gives a lots of article like Finance degree online and others . For more information you can visit on this site uiu.edu .

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Unsecured Small Business Loans Easy Financing Without Collateral!

Statistics prove that the demand for unsecured small business loans have been rapidly increasing over the past few years. The idea of an unsecured loan creates new financial horizons for individuals that may not have collateral. This is also of special interest to new business owners that are interested in entering a new business venture. Potential business owners are always interested in a business loan to provide working capital for their new endeavor.

The paradox when applying for most unsecured small business loan programs is that a new business owner does not yet have any collateral. This can quickly shatter a business dream. The only other consideration such an individual can have is to use his or her personal assets to secure a loan. But new business ventures have a risk associated with them, once that many people are not willing to transfer to their hard earned assets.

Collateral is often the biggest obstacle to the prospective business owner. Not only does a new business not yet have any commercial collateral to provide; but it is asking a lot for an entrepreneur to put his hard earned personal assets at risk in order to start a new business venture. Yet, without collateral, getting a business financing can sometimes seem impossible.

Small entrepreneurs, who do not have collateral to offer, find unsecured small business loans as an alternative, which help them expand their business to new horizons. They are only required to make regular repayments to the creditor without any apprehension of their business assets being repossessed by the lender in case of defaults. At the same time, small businessmen who opt for unsecured small business loans should be prepared to pay a little higher interest as compared to other credit options. However, interest rates may vary depending upon the credit history of the businessmen.

No collateral unsecured small business loan products are now available through select lenders, although they can still be relatively difficult to find among traditional banks and lenders. The revolutionizing force is coming from a plethora of web based lenders that are offering innovative new financial solutions, including no collateral loans. A variety of unsecured loan products for business and personal needs can be found via web based financial companies.

Applying for unsecured small business loans is easy, all the business owner need to do is just go on line and submit their loan details. Then the lenders will refer back to you with the loan decision in a few days.

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Own A Franchise Financial Conversations To Have With Your Family Before Choosing A Franchise

Guest Blogger: Ray Moore, CFE, Vice President of Development, BrightStar

The successful franchisee will first and foremost find the right fit. The right fit may be the one that best fits his or her financial resources and goals. The potential franchisee should sit down with their spouse and family and ask some hard questions. Together they will have to decide what outcomes they need to realize to consider this venture a success. They will have to separate out the must have or non-negotiable outcomes before shopping for a franchise opportunity.

The couple/family should agree to the following each family will have to fill in the blanks according to their own circumstances. Its a good idea to consult an accountant:

1.We will not invest more than $_____ of our cash/liquid capital.
2.We will not borrow more than $______ in additional funds to capitalize the business.

With any start up, business owners need to have enough money, either set aside or in other income, to cover household bills and run the business for 12 to 18 months. The following questions will help determine how much is needed:

3.To make sure we can still live comfortably while growing the business, we will cut our household budget to $ ____ per month for at least ____ months and be sure to never exceed that budget.
4.We will only buy a franchise that we have confidence can get big enough to feed itself, i.e., income (cash flow) will cover monthly business expenses (fixed and variable costs), no later than ___ months after signing the agreement.

With many new business start ups, the owner will not be able to take a salary for 1-2 years. The family needs to know that household expenses will be covered during that time.

5.We will only seek a franchise for sale that we have confidence will be able to pay me a discretionary salary (enough to cover some or all of household expenses) without harming the business no later than ___ months after signing the agreement.
6.We will generate other income of $___ (amount needed to make up for loss of other income and savings budget) from ___ (spousal income, other household income or investments) independent of the new franchise business.
7.We will only pursue a franchise business opportunity that will allow us to have our initial investment back, i.e., pay off the start up loan from business income, in ____ months/years.

These are just some of the items that typically come up, or should come up, during the conversations leading up to buying a franchise. Asking the right questions will get you the answers you need. Ask them of yourself, your spouse, your family, the franchisor and other franchisees so you can get the full picture of what your life will be like while building your business, and what it can be like once you have established your new franchise.

Ray Moore, CFE, BrightStar

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Climate Modification and Volcanoes

Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.